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MOST COMMON CAUSES OF LOW BACK PAIN

Low back pain is a common problem that affects people of all ages and lifestyles. It is estimated that at least 80% of the population will experience low back pain at some point in their lives. Low back pain can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from poor posture to medical conditions. In this blog, we will discuss some of the most common causes of low back pain.

  1. Poor posture: One of the leading causes of low back pain is poor posture. Sitting or standing in a slouched position for long periods can strain the muscles and ligaments in the lower back, leading to pain and discomfort.

  2. Muscle or ligament strain: Straining the muscles or ligaments in the lower back can cause low back pain. This can occur due to sudden movements or lifting heavy objects improperly.

  3. Herniated disc: A herniated disc occurs when the soft material inside a spinal disc protrudes out of its outer layer. This can put pressure on the nerves in the lower back and cause pain.

  4. Degenerative disc disease: Over time, the discs in the spine can wear down and lose their cushioning effect. This can lead to low back pain and stiffness.

  5. Spinal stenosis: Spinal stenosis is a condition in which the spinal canal narrows and puts pressure on the nerves in the lower back. This can cause pain, numbness, and weakness in the legs.

  6. Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the joints, including those in the lower back. It can cause pain, stiffness, and swelling.

  7. Spondylolisthesis: Spondylolisthesis is a condition in which one vertebra in the spine slips forward over the vertebra below it. This can cause low back pain and stiffness.

  8. Sciatica: Sciatica is a condition in which the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back down the legs, becomes compressed or irritated. This can cause pain, numbness, and tingling in the lower back, buttocks, and legs.

  9. Fibromyalgia: Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that causes widespread pain and tenderness in the muscles and soft tissues. It can also cause fatigue and sleep disturbances.

  10. Kidney stones: Kidney stones can cause severe pain in the lower back, usually on one side. Other symptoms may include nausea, vomiting, and blood in the urine.

In conclusion, low back pain can be caused by a variety of factors, ranging from poor posture to medical conditions. If you are experiencing low back pain, it is important to see a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Maintaining good posture, staying active, and avoiding heavy lifting can help prevent low back pain.

 
Author
Ajay Kumar, MD

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